Android was founded in Palo Alto, California, in October 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White in an effort to develop a smarter mobile device that is more aware of its owner’s location and preferences. Then to Google acquired Android Inc. and key employees, including Rubin, Miner, and White, on August 17, 2005. At Google, the team, led by Rubin, developed a mobile device platform powered by the Linux kernel. Google had lined up a series of hardware components and software partners and signaled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part. On November 5, 2007, the Open Handset Alliance unveiled itself with a goal to develop open standards for mobile devices. This alliance includes technology companies, like Google, device manufacturers such as HTC, wireless carriers such as T-Mobile, and chipset makers such as Qualcomm.
Then, on October 22, 2008, the first commercially available Smartphone running it came out with a fantasy name: HTC Dream. Since 2008, it has seen numerous updates that have incrementally improved the operating system, adding new features and fixing bugs in previous releases. There are some milestones of Android SDK, such as 2.0 (Eclair) in 2009, 3.0 (Honeycomb) for tablets only in 2011, 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) in 2011, 4.1 to 4.3 (Jelly Bean) in 2012, 4.4 (KitKat) in 2013, and 5.0 (Lollipop) in 2014. (Marshmallow) First released as a beta build on May 28, 2015, it was officially released on October 5, 2015, with the Nexus devices being the first to receive the update.
(Nougat) First released as an alpha test version on March 9, 2016, it was officially released on August 22, 2016, with Nexus devices being the first to receive the update. The LG V20 was the first smartphone released with Nougat.
(Oreo) It was first released as an alpha quality developer preview in March 2017 and released to the public on August 21, 2017.
Pie It was first released as a developer preview on March 7, 2018, and got released publicly on August 6, 2018.
Google has officially named the next version of Android, which is due to be released this fall: Android 10. Breaking the 10-year history of naming releases after desserts, the company is bailing on providing a codename beginning with a subsequent letter of the alphabet (in this case, Q), which is the way we’ve been referring to Android up to now. This year is Android 10, next year will be Android 11, and so on.
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